Below is the complete list of keyboard shortcuts using Windows ALT codes for letters with accents or diacritics that are used in writing in the Irish language. If you are new to ALT codes and need detailed instructions on how to use them, please read How to Use ALT Codes to Enter Special Characters. Alternatively, instead of using ALT codes, you can also just quickly tap or click any accented letter in the list below to copy it and paste it into your document.
In the Irish language (Gaeilge), a Goidelic Celtic language, several letters are accompanied by acute accents or diacritical marks, known as sínte fada (long marks). These marks significantly affect the pronunciation and meaning of words. Here are the accented letters used in the Irish alphabet:
- Á (a with acute accent/fada): Pronounced as /ɑː/. Example: “mála” (bag).
- É (e with acute accent/fada): Pronounced as /eː/. Example: “céad” (hundred).
- Í (i with acute accent/fada): Pronounced as /iː/. Example: “líne” (line).
- Ó (o with acute accent/fada): Pronounced as /oː/. Example: “cónaí” (reside).
- Ú (u with acute accent/fada): Pronounced as /uː/. Example: “búil” (blow).
The acute accents or sínte fada (long marks) are essential in the Irish language as they distinguish words with different meanings. For instance, “cóta” with a fada on “ó” means “coat,” while “cota” without the fada means “quota.” Similarly, “cáis” with a fada on “á” means “cheese,” while “cais” without the fada means “pact.”
The use of these accents in Irish orthography is crucial for correct pronunciation and spelling. It is worth noting that the Irish language has a rich tradition of using accented letters to preserve its unique phonetics and to differentiate words with similar spellings.
For ALT codes for letters with accents or diacritical marks that are used in other foreign languages, visit ALT Codes for Latin Letters with Accents or Diacritical Marks used in Foreign Languages. For the the complete list of the first 256 Windows ALT Codes, visit Windows ALT Codes for Special Characters & Symbols.