ALT Codes for Letters of the Korean Alphabet (Hangul)

This is the complete list of Windows ALT codes for letters of the Korean alphabet and Mac Option codes for letters of the Korean alphabet. If you are new to ALT codes and need detailed instructions on how to use them, please readย How to Use ALT Codes to Enter Special Characters.

The alphabet used for the Korean language is known as Hangul (ํ•œ๊ธ€) in South Korea and Chosลnโ€™gลญl (์กฐ์„ ๊ธ€) in North Korea. Hangul is the modern official alphabet for written Korean communication. Individual characters in the Korean alphabet are referred to as jamo (์ž๋ชจ). The contemporary Hangul orthography consists of 24 basic letters: 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Additionally, there are 27 complex letters formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonants (double consonants), 11 complex consonants, and 11 complex vowels.

Please note that the availability and functionality of Alt codes and Option codes above may vary depending on your keyboard layout, operating system version, and software applications. They may not work in all software or applications, as their functionality depends on the programโ€™s compatibility with Alt input or Option input. For frequent use of the Korean alphabet (Hangul), you may want to consider input methods using the appropriate keyboard layout and language settings on your computer or device. For occasional use, a quick alternative aside from Alt codes and Option codes is to simply copy and paste the Korean letter you need to use in your document. To do this: on this browser screen, highlight and then copy the Korean letter you need, then paste it in your document.

The 24 Basic Letters of the Korean Alphabet

The 24 basic letters of the Korean alphabet, called โ€œjamoโ€ (์ž๋ชจ), are the foundation of the writing system used to represent the sounds of the Korean language. Each jamo corresponds to a specific consonant or vowel sound. Hereโ€™s a breakdown of each basic letter and its corresponding sound:

Consonants (14):

  1. ใ„ฑ (Giyeok): Pronounced like โ€œgโ€ at the beginning of a word, and โ€œkโ€ elsewhere.
  2. ใ„ด (Nieun): Pronounced like โ€œnโ€.
  3. ใ„ท (Digeut): Pronounced like โ€œdโ€ at the beginning of a word, and โ€œtโ€ elsewhere.
  4. ใ„น (Rieul): Pronounced like โ€œrโ€ or โ€œlโ€ depending on the word and dialect.
  5. ใ… (Mieum): Pronounced like โ€œmโ€.
  6. ใ…‚ (Bieup): Pronounced like โ€œbโ€ at the beginning of a word, and โ€œpโ€ elsewhere.
  7. ใ…… (Siot): Pronounced like โ€œsโ€.
  8. ใ…‡ (Ieung): Represents a silent sound at the beginning of a word (like โ€œngโ€ in โ€œsongโ€) or serves as a placeholder for a vowel at the end of a syllable.
  9. ใ…ˆ (Jieut): Pronounced like โ€œjโ€ at the beginning of a word, and โ€œchโ€ elsewhere.
  10. ใ…Š (Chieut): Pronounced like โ€œchโ€.
  11. ใ…‹ (Kieuk): Pronounced like โ€œkโ€.
  12. ใ…Œ (Tieut): Pronounced like โ€œtโ€.
  13. ใ… (Pieup): Pronounced like โ€œpโ€.
  14. ใ…Ž (Hieut): Pronounced like โ€œhโ€.

Vowels (10):

  1. ใ… (A): Pronounced like โ€œaโ€.
  2. ใ…‘ (Ya): Pronounced like โ€œyaโ€.
  3. ใ…“ (Eo): Pronounced like โ€œeoโ€.
  4. ใ…• (Yeo): Pronounced like โ€œyeoโ€.
  5. ใ…— (O): Pronounced like โ€œoโ€.
  6. ใ…› (Yo): Pronounced like โ€œyoโ€.
  7. ใ…œ (U): Pronounced like โ€œuโ€.
  8. ใ…  (Yu): Pronounced like โ€œyuโ€.
  9. ใ…ก (Eu): Pronounced like โ€œeuโ€.
  10. ใ…ฃ (I): Pronounced like โ€œiโ€.

By combining these basic letters in various ways, Hangul can represent all the sounds in the Korean language efficiently, making it a highly effective and scientifically designed writing system.

The 27 Complex Letters of the Korean Alphabet

The 27 complex letters of the Korean alphabet are formed by combining the 24 basic letters in various ways to represent specific sounds that are not covered by the individual basic letter. Here is a breakdown of each complex letter and its corresponding sound:

Complex Tense Double Consonants (5):

  1. ใ„ฒ (Gyeokgiyeok): A double consonant, pronounced as a tensed version of ใ„ฑ (Giyeok), like the โ€œgโ€ sound in โ€œeggโ€ but pronounced with more force.
  2. ใ„ธ (Gyeokdigeut): A double consonant, pronounced as a tensed version of ใ„ท (Digeut), like the โ€œdโ€ sound in โ€œaddโ€ but pronounced with more force.
  3. ใ…ƒ (Gyeokbieup): A double consonant, pronounced as a tensed version of ใ…‚ (Bieup), like the โ€œbโ€ sound in โ€œebbโ€ but pronounced with more force.
  4. ใ…† (Gyeoksiot): A double consonant, pronounced as a tensed version of ใ…… (Siot), like the โ€œsโ€ sound in โ€œmissโ€ but pronounced with more force.
  5. ใ…‰ (Gyeokjieut): A double consonant, pronounced as a tensed version of ใ…ˆ (Jieut), like the โ€œjโ€ sound in โ€œjetโ€ but pronounced with more force.

Complex Consonants (11):

  1. ใ„ณ (Giyeoksiot): Combination of ใ„ฑ (Giyeok) and ใ…… (Siot), pronounced as โ€œgsโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œlegsโ€.
  2. ใ„ต (Nieunjieut): Combination of ใ„ด (Nieun) and ใ…ˆ (Jieut), pronounced as โ€œnjโ€ like the initial sound in the word โ€œninjaโ€.
  3. ใ„ถ (Nieunhieut): Combination of ใ„ด (Nieun) and ใ…Ž (Hieut), pronounced as โ€œnhโ€ like the initial sound in the word โ€œnhamโ€.
  4. ใ„บ (Rieulgiyeok): Combination of ใ„น (Rieul) and ใ„ฑ (Giyeok), pronounced as โ€œlgโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œbulgogiโ€.
  5. ใ„ป (Rieulmieum): Combination of ใ„น (Rieul) and ใ… (Mieum), pronounced as โ€œlmโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œfilmโ€.
  6. ใ„ผ (Rieulbieup): Combination of ใ„น (Rieul) and ใ…‚ (Bieup), pronounced as โ€œlbโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œalbโ€.
  7. ใ„ฝ (Rieulsiot): Combination of ใ„น (Rieul) and ใ…… (Siot), pronounced as โ€œlsโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œpulseโ€.
  8. ใ„พ (Rieulhieut): Combination of ใ„น (Rieul) and ใ…Ž (Hieut), pronounced as โ€œlhโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œdolhโ€.
  9. ใ„ฟ (Mieumbieup): Combination of ใ… (Mieum) and ใ…‚ (Bieup), pronounced as โ€œmbโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œthumbโ€.
  10. ใ…€ (Mieumsiot): Combination of ใ… (Mieum) and ใ…… (Siot), pronounced as โ€œmsโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œgamesโ€.
  11. ใ…„ (Bieupsiot): Combination of ใ…‚ (Bieup) and ใ…… (Siot), pronounced as โ€œbsโ€ like the final sound in the word โ€œribsโ€.

Complex Vowels (11):

  1. ใ… (Ae): Combination of ใ… (A) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œaeโ€.
  2. ใ…’ (Yae): Combination of ใ…‘ (Ya) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œyaeโ€.
  3. ใ…” (E): Combination of ใ…“ (Eo) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œeโ€.
  4. ใ…– (Ye): Combination of ใ…• (Yeo) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œyeโ€.
  5. ใ…˜ (Wa): Combination of ใ…— (O) and ใ… (A), pronounced as โ€œwaโ€.
  6. ใ…™ (Wae): Combination of ใ…— (O) and ใ… (Ae), pronounced as โ€œwaeโ€.
  7. ใ…š (We): Combination of ใ…— (O) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œweโ€.
  8. ใ… (Wo): Combination of ใ…œ (U) and ใ…“ (Eo), pronounced as โ€œwoโ€.
  9. ใ…ž (We): Combination of ใ…œ (U) and ใ…” (E), pronounced as โ€œweโ€.
  10. ใ…Ÿ (Wi): Combination of ใ…œ (U) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œwiโ€.
  11. ใ…ข (Ui): Combination of ใ…ก (Eu) and ใ…ฃ (I), pronounced as โ€œuiโ€.

These complex letters are essential in representing specific sounds and pronunciations in the Korean language, ensuring that Hangul accurately captures the linguistic nuances and phonetics of the Korean words.

A Brief History and Description of Hangul, the Korean Alphabet

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (ํ•œ๊ธ€), is a phonetic writing system developed during the 15th century under the reign of King Sejong the Great in Korea. It is one of the most scientific and efficient writing systems in the world, specifically designed to represent the sounds of the Korean language accurately.

Key features of Hangul include:

  1. Phonetic Representation: Unlike some other writing systems, Hangul is phonetic, which means each character directly corresponds to a specific sound. It was created to be easy to learn and accessible to the common people, promoting literacy among Koreans.
  2. Character Composition: Hangul characters, called โ€œjamoโ€ (์ž๋ชจ), are composed of basic components: 14 consonant letters (์ž์Œ, jaeum) and 10 vowel letters (๋ชจ์Œ, moeum). Consonants and vowels are combined to form syllables.
  3. Featural System: The shapes of Hangul letters are based on the articulation of the speech organs when pronouncing sounds. For example, the shape of the letter ใ… (m) represents the lips, and the letter ใ„ด (n) represents the tongue touching the roof of the mouth.
  4. Horizontal and Vertical Writing: Hangul can be written horizontally from left to right, like in English, or vertically in columns, like traditional Chinese characters.
  5. Consonant and Vowel Harmony: Hangul follows a pattern of consonant and vowel harmony, where certain consonants and vowels are paired together according to their phonetic properties.
  6. Promotion of Literacy: The creation of Hangul aimed to increase literacy among the common people. It provided an alternative to the complex and difficult Classical Chinese characters (Hanja), which were used exclusively by the educated elite.
  7. Cultural Significance: Hangul has become a symbol of Korean identity and cultural pride. The invention of Hangul is celebrated in South Korea as Hangul Day, which falls on October 9th.

Today, Hangul is the official writing system of both North and South Korea. While South Korea predominantly uses Hangul for most writing, North Korea still uses it alongside the limited use of Classical Chinese characters (Hanja) in certain contexts. Hangulโ€™s contribution to Korean language and culture is profound, and it remains an essential aspect of Koreaโ€™s cultural heritage. In addition, Korean is a significant language in international trade, business, and entertainment. Korean popular culture, including K-dramas, K-pop music, and Korean films, has gained global popularity, leading to increased interest in learning the Korean language outside of Korea.

See more symbol sets for popular ALT codes atย ALT Codes for Miscellaneous Symbols. For the the complete list of the first 256 Windows ALTย Codes, visit Windows ALT Codes for Special Characters & Symbols.